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Our Family Genealogy Pages

Mathieu Louis Claude Pocquet de Puilhéry de Saint-Sauveur
Male 1755 - 1807

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  • Birth  17 Jul 1755  Saint-Pierre, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender  Male 
    Military  07 Apr 1773  Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Joined regiment Béarn as a 2nd Lieutenant in Martinique 
    Military  11 Jun 1776  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    2nd and 4th Battalions of regiment Béarn became part of the new regiment d'Agénois. Still a 2nd lieutenant.  
    Military  16 Sep 1779  Savannah, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Siege of Savannah until 18 Oct 1779, siege lifted, returned to Martinique. 
    Military  01 Aug 1781  Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Appointed 1st Lieutenant, took effect 20 Oct 1781 
    Military  06 Aug 1781  Yorktown, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Set sail for Chesapeake Bay, disembarked near James Town, marched to Yorktown where siege lasted until 19 Oct 1781 when Cornwallis surrendered. Returns to Martinique 27 Nov 1781 
    Military  05 Jan 1782  Saint Christophe, West Indies Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Siege of Briston-Hill: Set sail for Saint Christophe, landing 11 Jan, siege from 12 Jan 1782 - 12 Feb 1782 when British surrendered, returned to Martinique 28 Feb 1782. 
    Military  08 Apr 1782  [6
    Battle of the Saints: set sail for Saint-Domingue 8 Apr 1782, 1st combat at sea 9 April, 2nd combat 12 April, 3 ships lost, 5 ships captured. Our hero ends up in Fort-Louis du Rhin in France. 
    Military  12 Nov 1782  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Promoted to 2nd Captain in regiment d'Agénois, company of grenadiers. 
    Died  03 Apr 1807  Trinité, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 8
    Age: 52 
    Person ID  I5389  Stewart
    Last Modified  15 Mar 2021 
     
    Father  Mathieu Pocquet de Puilhéry,   bap. 05 Sep 1723, Basse Pointe, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Sep 1758, Basse Pointe, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Louise Catherine Roy Courpon de La Vernade,   b. Abt 1727, Saint-Pierre, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Oct 1786, Le Marigot, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  25 Aug 1749  Basse Pointe, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F2468  Group Sheet
     
    Family  Jeanne Catherine Madeleine Charlotte Gallet Charlery,   b. Abt 1752, Le Robert, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Nov 1834, Saint-Pierre, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  06 Nov 1779  Trinité, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Notes  Married:
    • . . . daughter of Louis Claude Mathieu, Creole of SaintPierre, former commissioner commanding the district of Trinité, owner in this place of the dwelling "la Tracé", and of Jeanne Catherine Madeleine Charlotte Gallet Charlery, Creole of Robert (these two last married in Trinidad on 6.11.1779). [10]
    Children 
     1. Charles Robert Marie Pocquet de Puilhéry,   b. Abt 1785,   d. 03 Jan 1786, Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Andréa Claire Catherine Robertine Adèle Pocquet de Puilhéry,   b. 18 Jan 1787, Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Oct 1846, Saint-Pierre, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Baptiste Balthazar Gustave Amour Louis Robert Pocquet de Puilhéry,   b. 14 Jan 1792, Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Désirée Jeanne Thérèse Andrée Pocquet de Puilhéry,   b. 23 Sep 1794, Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  23 Mar 2016 
    Family ID  F1731  Group Sheet
     
  • Event Map
    Event
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 17 Jul 1755 - Saint-Pierre, Martinique Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Joined regiment Béarn as a 2nd Lieutenant in Martinique - 07 Apr 1773 - Martinique Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - 2nd and 4th Battalions of regiment Béarn became part of the new regiment d'Agénois. Still a 2nd lieutenant. - 11 Jun 1776 - France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 06 Nov 1779 - Trinité, Martinique Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Appointed 1st Lieutenant, took effect 20 Oct 1781 - 01 Aug 1781 - Martinique Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Promoted to 2nd Captain in regiment d'Agénois, company of grenadiers. - 12 Nov 1782 - France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Age: 52 - 03 Apr 1807 - Trinité, Martinique Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend = Address   = Location   = City/Town   = County/Shire   = State/Province   = Country   = Not Set

  • Documents
    Mathieu Louis Claude Pocquet Puilery de St Sauveur
    Mathieu Louis Claude Pocquet Puilery de St Sauveur
    Military record (Mémoire)
     
  • Notes 
    • Was an officer in the American Revolution. [11]
    • About his regiment which fought in the American Revolution:

      THE ARMY OF SAINT-SIMON (DE GRASSE'S FLEET)

      REGIMENT D'AGÉNOIS (infantry)

      The first colonel of this regiment was Marquis de Crillon, 1776.

      Third, Comte d'Autichamp, 1779.

      The First and Second Battalions were in the West Indies in 1778-1783. A part of the regiment embarked on the squadron of Count d'Estaing and participated in the siege of Savannah. Lieutenant Blandat was killed in a sortie of September 27. On October 9, in the unsuccessful attack on the intrenchments, Captain du Barry and three subalterns were wounded.

      In 1781 the regiment was united and embarked on the squadron of François Joseph Paul, Comte de Grasse to reenforce the army under Comte DE ROCHAMBEAU on the American continent. It arrived August 15 with the Gatinais and Touraine in Chesapeake Bay at the moment General Cornwallis was driven into Yorktown by Marquis de Lafayette and soon after surrounded by Washington and ROCHAMBEAU. The Marquis Saint-Simon had command of the reenforcements which debarked September 2 in James River and arrived at Williamsburg on the 4th, 4 leagues from Yorktown, where they formed a junction with Marquis de Lafayette, who commanded a corps of Americans.

      On October 3 two companies of grenadiers and chasseurs d'Agénois attacked the English pickets, forcing them back upon their defenses. The trenches were opened on the evening of the 6th. On the 15th Agénois repulsed a sortie, and on the 19th Lord Cornwallis capitulated.

      The regiment reembarked November 5 and returned to Martinique.

      It will be interesting to know part of d'Agénois in the closing days of 1781 took passage on the vessels of Comte de Grasse and contributed to the capture of Briston Hill, February 12, 1782, where it captured the Royal Scotch, formerly Douglas Regiment, which had retired from the service of France in 1768.

      In 1791 d'Agénois became the Sixteenth Infantry of France, with headquarters at Montbuson and St. Etienne. [12]
    • Second lieutenant in the Béarn regiment (April 7, 1773)

      Pass from Nantes, to Cap de Saint-Domingue, with the 4th battalion of the Béarn regiment (20 November 1775 - 19 December 1775)

      Set sail: November 21, 1775. Division of 5 vessels (Le Solid, Le Saint-Georges, L'Algonquin, Le Constant) and 2 frigates (La Dédaigneuse, L'Etourdy).

      Second lieutenant in the regiment d'Agénois (June 11, 1776). Second lieutenant in the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers (1st September 1777). Second lieutenant in the Agénois regiment, company of Mémarque (September 24, 1777).

      Treaty of Paris (February 6, 1778)

      Lietuenant second to the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers (April 21, 1779).

      Present in Savannah (wounded, contusion, distinguished conduct), capital of the British colony of Georgia, is part of the detachment of the regiment of Agénois (company of Terson grendadiers) embarked on the squadron of vice-admiral, Jean-Baptiste- Charles-Henri-Victor d'Estaing (comte Estaing, marquis de Saillans, lieutenant general of the royal armies and lieutenant general of the naval armies):
      - August 10, 1779: embarkation of the troops (including a detachment of the Agénois regiment: grenadiers,...) In Port-au-Prince, island of Saint-Domingue,
      - August 16, 1779: set sail.
      - September 8, 1779: anchorage opposite Savannah, following a gale and damage,
      - September 12, 1779: landing at Thunder-Blot-Blust, Saint-Augustin creek,
      - September 16, 1779: start of the siege of Savannah,
      - September 23, 1779: opening of the trench,
      - October 8, 1779: assault on the city,
      - October 18, 1779: siege of the city lifted (defeat),
      - October 22, 1779 - November 10, 1779: embarkation (part of Agénois, company of grenadiers on Le Robuste, and part of Agénois on Le Languedoc)

      First lieutenant in the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers (November 11, 1779).

      Present at La Chesapeake Bay and at Yorktown (wounded), British colony of Virginia, on the vessel Le César (in garrison) belonging to the squadron of French-Joseph-Paul de Grasse (marquis de Grasse-Tilly), comte de Grasse, squadron leader of the naval armies, lieutenant general of the naval armies in the Antilles) and the land corps under the orders of the Marquis de Saint-Simon:
      - July 6, 1781: order to set sail for La Chesapeake Bay to support the land companion of the Franco-Americans,
      - August 1, 1781: he was appointed first lieutenant in the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers,
      - July 29-August 3, 1781: embarkation in Cape Town, island of Saint-Domingue (including grenadiers and chasseurs of the Agénois regiment). He embarks on July 29 on Le César,
      - August 6, 1781: setting sail,
      - August 30, 1781: anchorage in Lynnhaven Bay,
      - September 1, 1781: troops disembark at the top of the James-River, opposite James-Town, sending 4 ships for a blockade of the James and York rivers,
      - September 4, 1781: junction with the troops of General Gilbert du Motier de La Fayette (Marquis de La Fayette), in Williamsburg,
      - September 5, 1781: naval victory of the Bay of La Chesapeake, by Admiral François de Grasse, with 28 vessels, 4 of which were left to block the mouth of the James-River (L'Expédient, Le Triton, Le Glorieux , Le Vaillant), who did not participate in the battle,
      - September 28, 1781: sieges of Yorktown & Gloucester (volunteers of La Fayette, and the men of the expeditionary force of Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur de Rochambeau (comte de Rochambeau, commander-in-chief of the French troops), the soldiers of Saint-Simon and the infantry taken by de Grasse from his garrisons of vessels for the investment of Gloucester, on the other side of the York River).

      Names of the 24 ships in La Chesapeake Bay:
      Avant-garde:
      The Pluto (74 guns, cdt Rions),
      Le Marseillais (74, Castellane-Majastre),
      Le Bourgogne (74, Charitte),
      Le Réfléchi (64, Brun replacing Captain Bourdet who died at the start of the attack),
      L'Auguste (80, squadron leader Bougainville, captain Castellane),
      Le Diadème (74, Montclerc) - boat damaged during the battle,
      Le Sint-Esprit (80, Chabert),
      Le Caton (64, Framond) - boat damaged during the battle,

      Battle corps:
      Le César (74, Espinouse),
      Le Destin (74, Dumaitz),
      Le Ville de Paris (3 bridges, 104 cannons, Admiral de Grasse, Captain Saint-Césair),
      La Victoire (74, Albert-Saint-Hippolyte),
      Le Scepter (74, Vaudreuil),
      Northumberland (74, Briqueville),
      Le Palmier (74, Arros),
      Le Solitaire (64, Cicé-Champion)

      Rearguard:
      The Citizen (74, Ethy),
      Le Scipio (74, Clavel),
      Le Magnanime (74, Le Bègue),
      L'Hercule (74, Turpin),
      Le Languedoc (80, squadron leader Monteil, captain Duplessis-Parscau),
      Le Zélé (74, gras-Préville),
      L'Hector (74, Renaud d'Alleins),
      Le Souverain (74, Glandevès)

      - September 29, 1781: he disembarks from the Le César vessel to participate in the siege of Yorktown (wounded),
      - October 8, 1781: opening of the trench,
      - October 19, 1781: capitulation,
      - October 20, 1781: he is first lieutenant in the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers (appointment of August 1, 1781, effective October 20, 1781),
      October 28, 1781-5 November 1781: postponed embarkation on de Barras de Saint-Laurent squadron, squadron leader (descended since September 10, from Newport with 8 ships, 3 frigates and 10 transports of food and equipment) and on L'Auguste de Bougainville (the latter being awaiting a campaign of Agénois stranded in the York-River on L'Experiment). He embarks on L'Auguste,
      - November 5, 1781: setting sail for Martinique,
      - November 26, 1781: anchorage at Port-Royal de la Martinique,
      - November 27, 1781: landing of Agénois.

      Present in Saint-Christophe, via the escarde of Count François de Grasse, and the terrestrial body under the orders of the Marquis de Bouillé:
      //: embarkation of troops including chasseurs and grenadiers from the Agénois regiment,
      - January 5, 1782: set sail for the island of Saint-Christophe,
      - January 11, 1782: anchorage in the harbor of Saint-Christophe,
      - January 11, 1782: landing,
      - January 12, 1782: siege of Fort Briston-Hill,
      - January 15, 1782: opening of the trench,
      - January 28, 1782: he found himself in the descent of the English on January 28, 1782, in the last island, in which two captains were killed and thus found himself alone in command of the company of grenadiers of the Agénois regiment ,
      - February 12, 1782: capitulation,
      - February 20, 1782: boarding,
      - February 21, 1782: set sail for Martinique,
      - February 22, 1782: captures of the islands of Nièves and Mon-Sarrat (alias Montserrat),
      - February 28, 1782: anchorage in Martinique.

      Present in Les Saintes, on the squadron of Count François de Grasse, and in the land corps under the orders of the Marquis de Bouillé:
      - April 4, 1782: embarkation in the harbor due Fort-Royal (Fort-de-France), island of Martinique on the Grasse squadron (34 vessels) to rally Saint-Domingue and the men of the Spanish admiral don Solano in view of the attack on Jamaica. The squadron also serves as an escort for a convoy of 150 galleons heading to the ports of Nantes and Bordeaux,
      - April 8, 1782: setting sail for the island of Santo Domingo,
      - April 9, 1782: 1st combat at sea (no losses),
      - April 12, 1782: 2nd combat at sea with only 31 vessels:

      5 ships are captured by the English:
      Le Ville de Paris,
      Le Glorieux (74),
      L'Hector (74), company of Agénois fusiliers,
      Lé César (74), company of Agénois fusiliers,
      L'Ardent (64),

      3 will be cast:
      Lé César explodes on the night of April 12 to 13, 1782,
      Le Ville de Paris sank during its towing to England, to Newfoundland,
      Le Glorieux, sank during its towing to England, to Newfoundland.

      Agénois officers killed Le Scipion, Le Conquérant, Le Magnifique, Le Réfléchi. Companies of Agénois fusiliers taken and killed on L'Hector (taken) and Le César (set on fire, jumped. Company of Dianous). Note: the prisoners of L'Hector will be landed in France on July 29, 1782,
      - April 19, 1782: 4 vessels (including 2 of the lines) will be captured during the Battle of the La Mona canal near Puerto Rico (prescaped from the battle of April 12, 1782).

      Second captain in the Agénois regiment, company of hunters (November 12, 1782).

      Treaty of Versailles (September 3, 1783).

      Present in France, in Fort-Louis du Rhin: wishing to return to the colonies, he asked for a majority in one of the two colonial regiments employed in Saint-Domingue (March 13, 1785). Second captain in the Agénois regiment, company of grenadiers (January 31, 1786). Officer seconded to the Antilles (1789). [13]

    Birth:
    • Noted as born 10 Dec 1750 in the book, Les Combattants Français de la Guerre Américaine 1778-1783, but his military mémoire states he was born 17 Jul 1755. [14]

    Name:
    • Poquet de Puylery de Saint-Sauveur
      Pocquet de Puylery de Saint-Sauveur
      Pocquet de Puilery de Saint-Sauveur
     
  • Sources 
    1. [S155] Archives nationales d'outre mer.
      Archives nationales d'outre-mer: Pocquet de Puylery de Saint-Sauveur, Mathieu Louis Claude

    2. [S214] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.1, Guilhem de Mauriage, 428.

    3. [S215] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.3, Guilhem de Mauriage, 148.

    4. [S190] Les combattants français de la guerre americaine, 1778-1783, (Imprimerie nationale, 1905), 149.

    5. [S215] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.3, Guilhem de Mauriage, 149.

    6. [S215] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.3, Guilhem de Mauriage, 150.

    7. [S190] Les combattants français de la guerre americaine, 1778-1783, (Imprimerie nationale, 1905), 150.

    8. [S140] geneanet.org, France Lise MINET.
      geneanet source page

    9. [S214] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.1, Guilhem de Mauriage, 432.

    10. [S140] geneanet.org, Cottrell.

    11. [S167] French in America during the War of Independence of the United States, 1777-1783, Volume 2, Thomas Balch, (Philadelphia: Porter & Coates. 1895), 207.
      Poquet de Puylery de Saint-Sauveur (Mathieu-Louis), born in 1750 at Martinique; lieutenant of the Agénois in 1770; captain after the capture of Yorktown. He was wounded in the chest at Savannah, and in the thigh during the siege of Yorktown.

    12. [S176] Rochambeau: A Commemoration by the Congress of the United States of America of the Services of the French Auxiliary Forces in the War of Independence, De Benneville Randolph Keim, (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1907), Y 4.L 61/2:R 58., 578 (Reliability: 3).

    13. [S215] Le Régiment d'Agénois au Coeur des Révolutions Transatlantiques (1778-1830) v.3, Guilhem de Mauriage, 149-151.

    14. [S168] Les combattants français de la guerre américaine 1778-1783, France. Ministère des affaires étrangères, Henri Mérou, (Ancienne maison Quantin, Libraries-imprimeries reúnies, Motteroz, Martinet, 1903), 304.
      POCQUET de PUYLERY de SAINT-SAUVEUR (Mathieu-Louis-Claude), né à la Martinique, le 10 déc. 1750. Blessé à Savannah où il s'est distingué; blessé à la prise d'York.

  

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